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用英文简单介绍春节

英文简单介绍春节

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2004-12-01

472 0

    春节简介 春节,是农历正月初一,又叫阴历年,俗称“过年”。这是我国民间最隆重、最热闹的一个传统节日。春节的历史很悠久,它起源于殷商时期年头岁尾的祭神祭祖活动。按照我国农历,正月初一古称元日、元辰、元正、元朔、元旦等,俗称年初一,到了民国时期,改用公历,公历的一月一日称为元旦,把农历的一月一日叫春节。
       春节到了,意味着春天将要来临,万象复苏草木更新,新一轮播种和收获季节又要开始。人们刚刚度过冰天雪地草木凋零的漫漫寒冬,早就盼望着春暖花开的日子,当新春到来之际,自然要充满喜悦载歌载舞地迎接这个节日。
     千百年来,人们使年俗庆祝活动变得异常丰富多彩,每年从农历腊月二十三日起到年三十,民间把这段时间叫做“迎春日”,也叫“扫尘日”,在春节前扫尘搞卫生,是我国人民素有的传统习惯。     然后就是家家户户准备年货,节前十天左右,人们就开始忙于采购物品,年货包括鸡鸭鱼肉、茶酒油酱、南北炒货、糖饵果品,都要采买充足,还要准备一些过年时走亲访友时赠送的礼品,小孩子要添置新衣新帽,准备过年时穿   在节前要在住宅的大门上粘贴红纸黄字的新年寄语,也就是用红纸写成的春联。
    屋里张贴色彩鲜艳寓意吉祥的年画,心灵手巧的姑娘们剪出美丽的窗花贴在窗户上,门前挂大红灯笼或贴福字及财神、门神像等,福字还可以倒贴,路人一念福倒了,也就是福气到了,所有这些活动都是要为节日增添足够的喜庆气氛。
     春节的另一名称叫过年。在过去的传说中,年是一种为人们带来坏运气的想象中的动物。  年一来。树木凋蔽,百草不生;年一过,万物生长,鲜花遍地。年如何才能过去呢?需用鞭炮轰 ,于是有了燃鞭炮的习俗,这其实也是烘托热闹场面的又一种方式。
     春节是个欢乐祥和的节日,也是亲人团聚的日子,离家在外的孩子在过春节时都要回家欢聚。过年的前一夜,就是旧年的腊月三十夜,也叫除夕,又叫团圆夜,在这新旧交替的时候,守岁是最重要的年俗活动之一,除夕晚上,全家老小都一起熬年守岁,欢聚酣饮,共享天伦之乐,北方地区在除夕有吃饺子的习俗,饺子的作法是先和面,和字就是合;饺子的饺和交谐音,合和交有相聚之意,又取更岁交子之意。
    在南方有过年吃年糕的习惯,甜甜的粘粘的年糕,象征新一年生活甜蜜蜜,步步高。 待第一声鸡啼响起,或是新年的钟声敲过,街上鞭炮齐鸣,响声此起彼伏,家家喜气洋洋,新的一年开始了,男女老少都穿着节日盛装,先给家族中的长者拜年祝寿,节中还有给儿童压岁钱,吃团年饭,初二、三就开始走亲戚看朋友,相互拜年,道贺祝福,说些恭贺新喜、恭喜发财、恭喜、过年好等话,祭祖等活动。
       节日的热烈气氛不仅洋溢在各家各户,也充满各地的大街小巷,一些地方的街市上还有舞狮子,耍龙灯,演社火,游花市,逛庙会等习俗。这期间花灯满城,游人满街,热闹非凡,盛况空前,直要闹到正月十五元宵节过后,春节才算真正结束了。
     春节是汉族最重要的节日,但是满、蒙古,瑶、壮、白、高山、赫哲、哈尼、达斡尔、侗、黎等十几个少数民族也有过春节的习俗,只是过节的形式更有自己的民族特色,更蕴味无穷。   Brief introduction of Chinese New Year Chinese New Year, is the beginning of January of lunar calendar a, call lunar calendar been for year again, be so called to" celebrate New Year's Eve"。
    This is the most solemn and impressive and the most noisy a traditional festival in the our country folks。
  The history of the Chinese New Year is very long, it originates the company of the fiesta absolute being worship of ancestors activity of the period year year old tail。
    According to the our country lunar calendar, a thou of the beginning of January calls a dollar day, a 辰 , dollar positive, a 朔 , New Year's Day。
    。。etc。, be so called the Chinese New Year's Day, arrive the republic period, change with the Christian ear, the Christian ear is called the New Year's Day on January first, calling the Chinese New Year on January first the lunar calendar。
     The Chinese New Year arrived, meaning that the spring will come, the all things of the universe recovery plant renewal, new dibble and the results season want again start。
    The people just spent the boundless cold winter that the snow and icebound plant deteriorate and disperse, hoping the day that warm flower of spring open early, when early spring arrival, the nature wants to be filled with the joy to carry the song to carry to dance the ground to greet this festival。
     For thousand a hundred years, the people make the vulgar fete activity of year become the abnormality abundant colorful, annually month from the lunar calendar 腊 23 days since to year 30, the folks is called" face the spring day" to this time, also calling" sweep the dust for day", sweep the dust to make the hygiene by Chinese New Year, is the tradition habit that the our country people's vegetable have。
     Then is the goods that the all families prepares the year, the stanza is or so the first 10 days, people start be occupied in the purchase product, the goods of year include the chicken duck fish, tea wine oil sauce, south north to fry the goods, the sugar bait fruit article, all wanting to adopt to buy ample, still need to prepare some celebrate New Year's Eve walk to visit the friend in person present of gift, the child wants to add to place the new hat of new dress, wearing while preparing to celebrate New Year's Eve Glued to stick the red paper New Year's Day of the yellow word to send message by word on the front door that the stanza wanted to be in the residence before, also be write with the red paper of New Year couplet。
    Paste up the year of fresh and gorgeous implied meaning good luck of color to draw in house, the misses of the mind hand 巧 shear a window HUA TIE of beauty on the window, the door hanged the deep red lantern or stuck the blessing word and god of wealth, spirit guardings to be like the fore,theblessingwordcanalsosellataloss,oncethestrangerreadtheblessingtopour,isalsoalucktoarrive,allseactivitieswanttoincreaseforthefestivalenoughpleasedcelebratetheatmosphere。
     Chinese New Year of another a name call celebrate New Year's Eve。At pass by legendary, the year is a kind of animal in the imagination that brings the bad luck for the people。
    The year is on come。The tree 凋 cover,100 grasses do not living;The year is on lead, the creation growth, the fresh flowers is all over the place。
    Year how pass by?Need to be bombard with artillery with the whip, hence had the custom of the firecrackers of 燃 , this is also again a kind of method that sets off by contrast the noisy condition in fact。
     The Chinese New Year is a happiness and peaceful festival, is also the day of close relatives' family reunion, leave an outlying child to all want to go home while lead Chinese New Year happy reunion。
    Ex- one night that celebrate New Year's Eve, is 30 nights of month of 腊 of the old year, also call New Year's Eve, again call reunited night, at the time of this newly oldly replace, bring in the new year is one of the vulgar activity of the most important year, evening of New Year's Eve, the whole family the old and the youngs all cook the year bring in the new year, having a happy reunion the 酣 to drink, sharing the happiness of family reunion, the northern region is in the custom that the New Year's Eve eats the dumpling, the method of the dumpling is first and face, and the word is to match;The 饺 of the dumpling and hand over the homophonic, match and hand over the idea of gather together, and then take more the year old hands over the idea of son。
    In the south celebrate New Year's Eve the habit of eat the New Year pudding, sweet the New Year pudding that glue sweetly, symbol new year is living very sweet, at every step high。
     Need the first chicken 啼 ring out, or the bell of the New Year's Day knocked, in the street firecrackers together 鸣 , sound this that 伏 , the every family pleased spirit ocean ocean, new year started, the men and women are old and little to all wear the festival in beautiful attire, making New Year's visit for elder in the household to wish the life first, still having in the stanza to child's New Year's Money, eat the regiment for year rice, beginning two and three start walk the relatives visitafriend,makingNewYear'svisitmutually,offeringcongratulationthewish,saysomecongratulatenewpleased,congratulateonbecomerich,congratulate,celebrateNewYear'sEvegoodetc。
    words, tivity。Thewarmatmosphereofthefestivalnotonlythesoceanoverflowateachandseach,butalsoisfilledwiththestreetsandalleysofeveryplace,stillhavingtheliondancesononsomebusinesscentersofplace,playingthedragonlight,playingtheagencyfire,visittingtheflowermarket, stom。
    Fullcityofdecorativelanternthisperiod,visitorallofthestreet,noisyuncommon,anexceptionallygrandoccasion,keepwouldnot°maketheJanuary15LanternFestivals later on, Chinese New Year calculate the real be over。
     TheChineseNewYearisthemostimportantfestivalinChinese,butfull,Mongolia,瑶,strong,white,highmountain,赫哲,哈尼,reachedmorethantennationalminoritiesof斡尔,侗,黎。
    。。 alsohadthecustomoftheChineseNewYear,theformthatjustobserveafestivalevenhasownracespecialfeatures,morethe蕴flavoreverlasting。
   春节的另一名称叫过年。  在过去的传说中,年是一种为人们带来坏运气的想象中的动物。年一来。树木凋蔽,百草不生;年一过,万物生长,鲜花遍地。年如何才能过去呢?需用鞭炮轰 ,于是有了燃鞭炮的习俗,这其实也是烘托热闹场面的又一种方式。
   The Chinese New Year is a happiness and peaceful festival, is also the day of close relatives' family reunion, leave an outlying child to all want to go home while lead Chinese New Year happy reunion。
    Ex- one night that celebrate New Year's Eve, is 30 nights of the twelfth month of the lunar year, also call New Year's Eve, again call reunited night, at the time of this newly oldly replace, bring in the new year is one of the vulgar activity of the most important year, evening of New Year's Eve, the whole family the old and the youngs all cook the year bring in the new year, having a happy reunion the drink to the full, sharing the happiness of family reunion, the northern region is in the custom that the New Year's Eve eats the dumpling, the method of the dumpling is first and face, and the word is to match;The dumpling of the dumpling and hand over the homophonic, match and hand over the idea of gather together, and then take more the year old hands over the idea of son。
    In the south celebrate New Year's Eve the habit of eat the New Year pudding, sweet the New Year pudding that glue sweetly, symbol new year is living very sweet, at every step high。
    。

2004-12-01

447 0

spring festival is an important day in China, family will gether and have a happy dinner.

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