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用英文介绍英国的宗教

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2018-09-13

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    Religious reform movement in the United Kingdom is the initiator of the King, which makes Britain the Reformation is a top-down campaign。
     Since 14 to 15-century Britain and France 100 years after the end of the war, the British began a concentrated development of their nation-state's history, especially the 1485 start of the Tudor dynasty。
     The most famous dynasty of King Henry VIII (1509-1547) and Elizabeth I (1558-1603), both of them is the rule of the 16th century Reformation era, and the United Kingdom is the prelude to the Reformation by Henry VIII started the。
     Historically, England has never been German, European and Pope deeply involved in the political vortex, like the German people as a result of corruption of the Roman church have strong moral indignation and ethnic hatred。
     Re reality, the actual weight of character, giving the English a不比German people so keen on inner beliefs or experience。
   So, when Henry VIII started the Reformation, the main reason is not based on pure faith, but out of political realities and national interests, and the movement of the Protestant Reformation affected, mainly due to the impact of the Calvin。
     British religious reform movement fuse is Henry VIII a divorce case。 Spain Aragon Princess, the Holy Roman Empire Emperor Charles V's aunt Catherine, she became the wife of Henry VIII, his birth to six children, but only a grown-up daughter Mary。
     Henry VIII is the heir to the throne slobbered over, therefore, proposed to the pope and Catherine divorce。
   Pope Sheyu Holy Roman Empire Emperor Charles V of the pressure, refused to Henry VIII's divorce request。
     The results, angry Henry VIII began the fight against the activities of the Holy See。
   At that time, the Lutheran Reformation in Europe under the influence of the anti-Pope sentiment has been quite common。
     Henry VIII decided to make use of people's dissatisfaction with the church, to strengthen their rule。
   Finally teaching materials based on the Henry VIII's Reformation, the background summarized as: the bourgeoisie request to break through the shackles of feudal theological studies for the Reformation, the Renaissance and the Reformation as the dissemination of ideas, all sectors of the community anti-church sentiment rising; increasingly powerful Wang Rome, the power to map out the shackles of 3:00。
     2。 Henry VIII's Reformation, the contents of 1532, the National Assembly in accordance with the requirements of Henry VIII, through a series of decrees that the King without permission, priests are not allowed to pay the first year of the Holy See Gong pension, to prohibit people to the Holy See all the appeal cases。
     In 1533 by the King personally appointed by the Archbishop of Canterbury Kramer, under the auspices of the official judgement of the court Henry VIII and Catherine of marriage is null and void, and announced his Annibulin between the legal marriage。
     Henry VIII was the wild angered by the pope in 1533 issued Zhaoshu, his judgement of divorce is invalid, and expelled from the membership of the threat。
     Henry VIII then issued a series of tit-for-tat against the Holy See's decree, to the termination of all-year-old pope paid tribute, announced that an independent Anglican national churches, subject only to the king's authority。
     1534 Congress passed the famous "Extreme Act" expressly declared: King of the Church of England is the highest leader of the Church of England and marked the formal break with the Holy See。
     In Congress and the aristocracy, with the support of Henry VIII in the country has finally achieved a Reformation。
   Teachers should be emphasized that Henry VIII's Reformation, confined mainly to the church, he established the King of the supreme status of the Church of England, punished a number of King denied the supremacy of the authority of bishops and priests, Henry refused to recognize the legitimacy of the subject of divorce。
     He more than 370 by the monastery's land and property nationalized so that England's monasteries forces were crushed。
   In this process, some secular landowners and rural aristocracy of wealth has increased considerably, they have become the most resolute support of the Reformation of the force。
     And stressed that the religious and theological studies, Henry VIII's Reformation, and no substantive changes, the United Kingdom has not become a Protestant country, the Catholic doctrine of the Church of England is still the orthodox faith。
     Recommended students read textbooks in the history of vertical and horizontal [] to learn more about the content。
   1553 Henry VIII and Catherine's daughter, Mary successor。   She is a young Catholics, hate-Reformation, the Catholic renewal in the United Kingdom's dominant position, the brutal suppression of the Protestant forces, including her father presided over the ceremony of the divorce judgement Kramer, hundreds of Protestants into the Huoxing Planes, which were a "bloody Mary" said。
     She not only restored the mass ceremony and the priest celibacy rules, but also persuade Congress to vote to re-British unconditional allegiance to the pope。
     1558 Henry VIII and Annibulin daughter Elizabeth succeeded to the throne。 Although she is a Protestant from a young age, but there is no profound religious faith, her main interest is to govern the country, she does not want to see her because of sectarian strife splitting the kingdom。
     So, she decided to adopt moderate policies。 Christian historians will describe Volcker: "Elizabeth the feelings of the people is completely England, she deeply concerned about the England national political and economic vision, which she also is good for her representation of this many people told her the Government reconciliation, if these people from a single religion would have been considered exclusive。
     Her to give top priority to the interests of England, it is beyond doubt。 "Elizabeth of religious adopted a flexible and lenient policy, The Catholic and Protestant were reconciled。
     1563 "issued by 39 of the Regulations," a typical expression of this British-style reconciliation, the Church of England has become a declaration of faith。
     The church is Protestant, but some ambiguity creed, can be acceptable for Catholics, in addition, have also maintained the organizational form of bishops and some Catholic ceremony。
     Elizabeth is a very British history, the legendary queen。 She created a Dunhou inclusive and tolerant atmosphere of the times, for Catholics and Protestants in England to peaceful coexistence provided certain conditions。
     Anglican this will be the final formation of its development as the three major Protestant factions of the mainstream, also known as Li Ganzong or the Anglican Church。
     With the Lutheran Reformation, Calvin compared to the Reformation, it was this evaluation: "The English Reformation notable feature is that it did not like Luther, Calvin and Knox as an outstanding religious leaders。
     But before the beginning of the rule of Elizabeth , The masses of the people showed no significant religious awakening of consciousness。
     Promote the English Reformation is the political and social reasons。 "For this reason, the Anglican lack of clear ideological characteristics, all religious views are the choice whether to England Development of the。
     Elizabeth is more tolerance in the rule of the environment, the British cultural development to a golden era, a Shakespeare, Francis Bacon, Spencer, Jones, such as the Renaissance culture star。
    。

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