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英语疑问句

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2008-11-08

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who are you?where are you from?when will the meeting start?what is she doing?why is he studying English?how are you?is he your brother?are they from your neighbouhood?等等

2008-11-08

45 0

    一、一般疑问句 一般疑问句也可称为 “yes / no questions”,因这种问句通常用yes / no来回答,相当于汉语中的“……吗?”其语序是:系动词be / 助动词/ 情态动词+主语+其他成分?如: Are you from Japan? Yes I am. / No I'm not. Is her sister doing her homework now? Yes she is. / No she isn't. Does he work in a bank? Yes he does. / No he doesn't. Do you live near your school? Yes I do. / No I don't. Can you speak French? Yes I can. / No I can't. May I go home now? Yes you may. / No you mustn't. 注意: 1.将陈述句变为一般疑问句时,如句中有be 动词(am is are …)时,可直接将它们提至主语前。
    如主语为第一人称,应将其改为第二人称。如: I'm in Class 2Grade 1. → Are you in Class 2Grade 1? We're watching TV. → Are you watching TV? 2.陈述句中有情态动词(can may must …)时,也可直接将它们提至主语前,即可成为一般疑问句。
    如: He can swim now. → Can he swim now? The children may come with us. → May the children come with us? 3.陈述句中只有一个实义动词作谓语且其时态为一般现在时,变为一般疑问句时要在句首加do或does 主语后的实义动词用原形。
    如: I like these animals. → Do you like these animals? She wants to go to the movies. → Does she want to go to the movies? 4.一般疑问句一般读升调(↑) 5.一般疑问句有时不用yes或 no 回答。
    如: Are they in town now? I think so。 May I sit here? Certainly. Does he like soccer? Sorry I don't know. 二、特殊疑问句 以疑问词开头,对句中某一成分提问的句子叫特殊疑问句。
    常用的疑问词有:what who whose which when where how why等。 特殊疑问句有两种语序: 1.如疑问词作主语或主语的定语,即对主语或主语的定语提问,其语序是陈述句的语序:疑问词(+主语)+谓语动词+其他成分?如: who is singing in the room? whose bike is broken? 2.如疑问词作其他成分,即对其他成分提问,其语序是:疑问词+一般疑问句语序? 如: what class are you in? What does she look like? Where are you from? What time does he get up every morning? How do you know? 注意: 1.回答特殊疑问句时,不能用yes / no,即问什么答什么,尤其是简略回答。
    如: Who is from Canada? Helen (is). Where's the restaurant? Near the station. Why do you like koalas? Because they are cute. 2.特殊疑问句一般读降调(↓)。
    三、选择疑问句 选择疑问句提出两个或两个以上可能的答案供对方选择。 这类疑问句有两种形式: 一种是以一般疑问句的结构形式为基础,只是在语调上有所区别。例如: 这一类选择疑问句通常都是在前一个供选择的答案用低升调,后一个用降调;如果有两个以上供选择的答案,则在最后一个用降调,其余都用低升调。
    例如: Would you like a gin,or a whisky,or a `beer? 你是要喝杜松子酒,还是威士忌酒,还是啤酒? 这种语调上的特征往往是区别选择疑问句和一般疑问句的重要标志。
  试比较: Shall we leave at six or `seven?我们是 6 点动身还是 7点动身? Shall we leave at six or seven?我们在6,7点钟动身好吗? 上述第一例是选择疑问句,其答案只能是两者之一。
     We shall leave at six/ seven.我们将在6点/7点动身。 上述第二例是一般疑问句,它的答案只是 yes/no,而且并不肯定是6点或7点,甚至可能既不是6点,也不是7点: Yes,we shall leave at six or seven. 是的,我们将在 6, 7点钟动身。
     No.We must leave earlier. 不。我们必须早点动身。 另一种选择疑问句是以特殊疑问句的结构形式为基础的,也是在语调上有所区别。例如: Which vase shall I use, the short one or the tall one ? The tall one。
    四、反意疑问句(内容很多,你可以看一下百度百科里的讲解) 。

2008-11-07

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一般疑问句 xianxue

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